September 22, 2023

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

As dawn breaks, Denver High School student Nidian Calzada stands in the school doorway dressed in a folk dance dress from Jalisco, Mexico, waiting to be called El Grito (“cry” of independence from Father Hidalgo) to celebrate Mexican Independence Day. The school started the day with La Entrada, which is the morning entrance ceremony.

As dawn breaks, Denver High School student Nidian Calzada stands in the school’s doorway dressed in a folk dance dress from Jalisco, Mexico, waiting to shout El Grito (the “cry of independence” given by the Father Hidalgo) for Mexican independence. Celebration of the day. The school started the day with La Entrada, the morning entrance ceremony.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

On September 16, Mexicans around the world celebrate the anniversary of the country’s independence from Spain. This day is celebrated in Mexico with a national holiday, a re-enactment of a historic moment by the leader of the revolution and a variety of shows from fireworks to dancing.

Mexico Independence Day: Mexican Independence Day: History, Celebration, And All You Need To Know About This Day

Often confused with Cinco de Mayo by people living in the United States, Mexican Independence Day is the time in 1810 when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest known as Father Hidalgo, first for independence. After a moving speech in the Mexican city of Dolores, Hidalgo held up the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe, a Catholic icon of the Virgin Mary appearing to Juan Diego, a native Mexican believer who was later consecrated by the church.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“Independence reminds us of the beginning [of the struggle],” said Elena Albarrán, associate professor of history and global and intercultural studies at Miami University in Ohio. “In this case, you’re celebrating a time of revolution, possibility and hope.”

When Hidalgo took the flag of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico, many people were encouraged to follow him. Albarrán says they gathered a large unruly army consisting of women, children, grandparents, and livestock. Untrained and difficult to control, he was eventually defeated, with many of his members returning home to harvest their fields.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

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Hidalgo was excommunicated as a priest by the Spanish Inquisition, said William Beezley, a history professor at the University of Arizona. His head was later executed by the civilian government as punishment for the rebellion, and his head was displayed in Guanajuato, where he and his army were accused of the murder.

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Another priest, José María Morelos, took up the mantle of the revolution and sent home a man from the First Army without a weapon or a horse. Beezley says this tougher version of the army was more effective, but Morelos was eventually brought before the Inquisition and dismissed – and the struggle for independence descended into chaos as Mexico continued to struggle against the decline of Spanish rule .

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

Then, in 1821, Agustín de Iturbide, a pro-Spanish soldier who became the leader of the Mexican independence movement, led troops into Mexico City, taking decisive control of the city and declaring the country’s independence. His next political undertaking, known as the Iguala Plan or the Plan of the Three Promises, was to free Mexico from Spanish rule, establish the country as Catholic, and ensure that all citizens were equal. Iturbide became emperor of the new country, establishing a system of royal style and spending much of the new country’s budget on luxurious clothing that resembled the fashion of the Austrian royal court at the time.

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In the end, this system also failed. Military leaders fought and fought for power, and eventually a democratic republic was established led by a hero of independence – Guadalupe Victoria – who became the first president of Mexico.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“Mexico does not celebrate or recognize Iturbide as the father of independence,” Albarrán said. “The hero who is unanimously chosen as the father of independence is Father Hidalgo, a charismatic but disastrous priest who went on a rampage.”

In America, people often confuse Mexican Independence Day with Cinco de Mayo, says Albarrán: “When I teach Mexican history and ask students when Mexico’s Independence Day is, they don’t know what’s right, or totally half, or most people think Cinco is e. de Mayo.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

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He says that many Americans assume that Cinco de Mayo came to the United States because immigrant communities brought it with them, but there is a big reason the holiday is played that way in the United States. is due to corporate promotion by adult drink companies.

“Beer advertisers started promoting beer sales in communities and neighborhoods in Mexico,” Beezley said. “It was a publicity stunt and the date was wrong. It’s still sponsored like that in many places.”

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

Albarrán says that because Cinco de Mayo is not a national holiday in Mexico, it is celebrated on a completely different level than in the United States. She saw this difference highlighted by her students. During an assignment where she asked students to blog with their peers in Mexico City, American students posted about Cinco de Mayo celebrations in the United States.

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“The Mexican students couldn’t believe it,” he said. “They were cracking up, rolling with laughter. They couldn’t believe that a bowl of Mexican iconography and kitsch was included in an American celebration.” (This is why Cinco de Mayo is celebrated)

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

However, according to tradition on Mexico’s Independence Day, the president honors Father Hidalgo’s legacy by performing a recital of sorts from the National Palace in Mexico City. Beezley says that on the night of September 15 at 11:00 p.m., according to Mexican tradition and folklore, Hidalgo entered a parish church in the town of Dolores, rang the church bell and told the people of the city who came running that they there must be a riot.

“As a result, on September 15, the president of Mexico will go up to the balcony, ring the same bell and give a speech that says the words of Hidalgo,” he said. “No one wrote down what Hidalgo said. His head was exploding, so who knows what happened to the [real] version of it? But Mexicans across the country and in the United States and everywhere can watch it on television, and that’s what’s being celebrated.”

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

Cry Of Dolores

Despite the uncertainty surrounding Hidalgo’s exact words, today’s speech celebrates his commitment to Mexico and its people – and honors the moment he pushed the country into dependency.

Correction: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that Agustín de Iturbide led troops to Mexico City in 1921; It was in fact 1821.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

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Independence Day 2023 Mexico

After 10 years of photographing the full moon, the photographer captured the moonlight in rainbow colours. SAN DIEGO COUNTY, Calif. – September 15 marks the start of Hispanic Heritage Month, which coincides with several Independence Day celebrations for Central American countries including El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala and more.

Mexican Independence Day is officially recognized on September 16, but the celebrations begin the night before. Mexican Independence Day has important significance to Mexican heritage.

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Independence Day 2023 Mexico

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“It was a moment in our heritage where our autonomy was announced and the beauty of our culture became a part of us,” said Dr. Ramona Perez, director of the Center for Latin American Studies at SDSU.

September 16, 1810 is the day Father Miguel Hidalgo issued the Costilla “grito” or proclamation to end Spanish rule to those gathered in the “zocalo” or central square.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“It had a big impact,” said Dr. Perez. “So when he comes in and basically says to the community, ‘Let’s go, let’s start declaring that we are an independent country. We are independent people, it meant a lot. “

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It took more than a decade of conflict and war before Mexico’s independence from Spain came about in 1821, after 300 years of Spanish rule over the region.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“You have fireworks, you’re going to have a party,” said Dr. Perez. “The fourth and you bring people together and the movement starts building that night.”

It is normal for government officials to give the “grito” or call for independence, as Father Hidalgo did over 200 years ago.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

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“Leaders go to these public buildings, go out on the balconies and shout ‘Viva Mexico,'” said Dr. Perez.

He said that El Dia de la Independencia is very important to Mexican culture on both sides of the border.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“It is also an important way for Mexicans in Mexico and the United States to understand themselves as part of a powerful and important country,” said Dr. Perez.

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He said it is a sacred moment when people come together to celebrate the idea that people and communities can control their own destiny, an idea that Father Hidalgo applied when he stood in the square and asked for independence.

Independence Day 2023 Mexico

“There is a way that Mexican culture, the culture of the family, the culture of the community is still important to us,” said Dr. Perez. “So even though we have great, loving feelings towards the United States, we are united. .”

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